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Effects of short-time alkaline pretreatment on growth and photosynthesis efficiency of endemic cyanobacterium Fischerella sp. FS 18.
B. Abbasi, Sh. Shokravi *, M. Ahmadi Golsefidi, A. Sateei, E. Kiyaei
Department of Biology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran. , shadmanshokravi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (155 Views)
Alkaline pH is one of the most important problems of our aquatic habitat. We used Stigonematalean native cyanobacterium Fischerella sp. FS 18 as our model strain, andstudied it under different alkaline pHs (7, 9 and rarely 11) under two different – short and long- time treatments (24 and 96 hours after inoculation). Spectroscopic results showed that both alkalinity and time affected growth rate, phycobilisome and chlorophyll production. Response surface plot analysis of distribution showed that the pH borders between 8.5 to  9 would be critical at 24 hours after inoculation reaching to the highest rates of phycobilisomes. Spectrofluorimetric analysis showed that the highest photosystem I/ photosystem II may be seen at 24 hours at pH9. Photosynthesis- Irradiance curves showed that the highest rate of maximum photosynthesis belonged to pH9 in the short time treatment (24 hours). Increasing the time (96 hours) decreased the maximum amount of oxygen liberation significantly. Moving from the optimum conditions (even slightly) caused a sharp decline in the amount of alpha. The slope of decline was steep until near neutral and longtime condition.  Decreasing the time, and at the same time increasing alkalinity (alkaline pH) caused higher activity of photosystems especially photosystem I which lead to higher reductant production and cyclic electron flow operation. Distinct borders of pH (8.5-9) at 24 hours caused considerably high growth and matter production. This was naturally true for phycocyanin, phycoerythrin and the other economically important matters.  
Keywords: Alkalinine pH, Cyanobacteria, Ecophysiology, Fischerella sp. FS 18, Time, Ultrastructure
Full-Text [PDF 489 kb]   (30 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Biology & physiology
Received: 2019/08/27 | Accepted: 2019/09/16 | Published: 2020/11/20
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Abbasi B, Shokravi S, Ahmadi Golsefidi M, Sateei A, Kiyaei E. Effects of short-time alkaline pretreatment on growth and photosynthesis efficiency of endemic cyanobacterium Fischerella sp. FS 18.. IJFS. 2020; 19 (6) :2865-2876
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-4035-en.html

Volume 19, Issue 6 (2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم شیلاتی ایران Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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