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IJFS 2008, 7 Back to browse issues page
Effects of supplemental dietary L-carnitine on growth and body composition of beluga (Huso huso) Juveniles
M. Mohseni *, J. Seyfabadi, H. Pourali, M. Pourkazemi, M. Bahmani
, mahmoudmohseni@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3302 Views)
The effect of feed supplemented with L-camitine at four levels of 0, 300, 600 and 900mg kg-1 on growth performance and body composition of beluga, H. huso, juveniles was evaluate din two separate trials. In the first trial, 180 juveniles (525±9gw) were fed with the test diet for a period of 71 days, and the trial extended to another 126 days in the second phase by randomly selecting 120 juveniles (870.7±32g) and rearing them with similar diets. All trials, in triplicates, were conducted in circular fiberglass tanks (200cm diameter, 40cm height).The fish were fed 4 times daily to apparent satiation.
In the first phase, L-carnitine did not significantly affect mean final weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR) or specific growth rate (SGR) of the fish, however, the fish receiving 900mg kg-1 L-carnation showed better growth increment, SGR and feed efficiency (FE) than those in control group (p³0.05); neither did it significantly affect protein, lipid, moisture or ash as well as leptosomatic index (HSI) (p³0.05). The protein efficiency ratio (PER) was significantly affected by L-carnitine supplemented diet, particularly at 900mg kg-1(p£0.05). In the second phase, fish fed L-carnitine-supplemented diets produced significantly higher W2, SGR and PER than the control group (p£0.05), but HSI decreased significantly (P£0.05).At the end of the trial, the whole body composition of fish did not differ significantly among experimental treatments, but slightly reduced lipid content were observed at 600 and 900mg kg-1 L-carnitine (p£0.05).The results of this study indicated that supplementation of diets with 300-600mg carnitine kg-1 improved growth rate, feed utilization and stimulated protein-sparing effect in this species.
Keywords: L-carnitine, Growth rate, Body composition, Beluga, Huso huso
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Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Genetics
Received: 2017/12/5 | Accepted: 2017/12/5 | Published: 2017/12/5
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Mohseni M, Seyfabadi J, Pourali H, Pourkazemi M, Bahmani M. Effects of supplemental dietary L-carnitine on growth and body composition of beluga (Huso huso) Juveniles. IJFS. 2008; 7 (2) :157-170
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-3088-en.html

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Volume 7, Issue 2 (2008) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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