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Research Article: The effects of Benthosema pterotum gelatin replacement on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of pastille
F. Asgarzadeh, N. Choobkar *, M. Ataee
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Kermanshah branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran , nchoobkar20@gmail.com
Abstract:   (363 Views)
There is an on-growing demand for alternative sources of commercial gelatin. The by-products generated by fish-processing industries are a potential source for the production of halal gelatin in different industries such as food products. In this study, pastille was formulated with different concentrations of fish (Benthosema pterotum) (FG) and bovine (BG) gelatins. Different quality attributes of gelatin including humidity, ash, protein, water activity, sensory, texture and color were investigated. Statistical analysis was done by the ANOVA and LSD test was applied for mean comparison of the samples at p<0.05. Data analysis was carried out by SAS software (Version 9.8). The findings showed that total ash, springiness, elasticity, humidity, water activity and adhesiveness significantly increased with an increase in the Benthosema pterotum gelatin concentration in the pastille samples (p<0.05). However, the best pastille texture was observed in 50% BG 50% FG and for other parameters in samples with 100% BG (p<0.05). According to the results of sensory evaluation and color characteristics of treatments, it can be concluded that 25% Benthosema pterotum gelatin can be added to the bovine gelatin in the pastille formulation. The fish gelatin can be applied as cost-efficient source and also as quality improver in the production of pastilles.
Keywords: Benthosema pterotum fish, Halal gelatin, Pastille, Physicochemical properties, Sensory evaluation, Texture
Full-Text [PDF 1549 kb]   (206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Biotechnology
Received: 2021/02/3 | Accepted: 2021/08/25 | Published: 2021/11/19
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Asgarzadeh F, Choobkar N, Ataee M. Research Article: The effects of Benthosema pterotum gelatin replacement on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of pastille. IJFS. 2021; 20 (6) :1609-1625
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-4608-en.html

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Volume 20, Issue 6 (2021) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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