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Research Article: Effect of Spirulina platensis and Azolla nilotica as feed additives on growth performance, antioxidant enzymes and fecundity of Oreochromis niloticus
A. El-daim, A. El Asely, M. Kandiel, E. Abd El-Gawad, H. Elabd, A. Shaheen *, A. Abbass
Department of Aquatic Animals Diseases and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University , shaheen_aa@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (144 Views)
This study was conducted in two experiments. Experiment 1 aimed to investigate the growth promoting and anti-oxidative effects of Azolla nilotica (AZN) and Spirulina platensis (SP) in Oreochromis niloticus. Seven fish groups (G1-G7), each in three replicates, were fed a basal diet (control), AZN 5%, AZN 10%, SP 0.5%, SP 1%, a mixture of Azolla nilotica 5% and Spirulina platensis 1% (AZN 5 %-SP 1% mix), and a mixture of Azolla nilotica 10% and Spirulina platensis 1% (AZN 10% - SP 1% mix), respectively, for 3 months. The results showed a significant increase in growth indices (weight gain, specific growth rate, average length gain, feed efficiency ratio), and a decrease in the feed conversion ratio in all supplemented groups compared to control. Hepato-somatic index in G4 and G5 groups, and intestinal-somatic index in G4 - G6, and in G5 and G6 were obviously higher than control. Spleno-somatic index and antioxidant enzymes (GSH-px, SOD and CAT) markedly increased in G5 and G6 compared to control. Significant increase (p<0.05) in white blood cells was recorded in G2 and G4. Experiment 2 verified the effect of one-month supplementation of SP 1% on males and females O. niloticus fecundity. Males fed with SP 1% had an enhanced fertility as indicated by an increase in sperm density, spermatozoa motility and livability rates compared with the control. There was a significant increase in eggs number and the fecundity index in unripe females and a tendency of egg size to increase in ripen fish. It could be concluded that SP 1% and AZN 5% supplementation is advantageous to improve O. niloticus growth and fecundity.
Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes, Azolla nilotica, Growth parameters, Fecundity, Nile tilapia, Spirulina platensis
Full-Text [PDF 473 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: aquaculture
Received: 2019/05/10 | Accepted: 2019/11/9 | Published: 2021/05/20
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El-daim A, El Asely A, Kandiel M, Abd El-Gawad E, Elabd H, Shaheen A et al . Research Article: Effect of Spirulina platensis and Azolla nilotica as feed additives on growth performance, antioxidant enzymes and fecundity of Oreochromis niloticus. IJFS. 2021; 20 (3) :846-862
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-3914-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 3 (2021) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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