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 پایگاه استنادی علوم جهان اسلام (ISC)

پایگاه اطلاعات جهاد دانشگاهی (SID) 

بانک نشریات کشور (مگیران)




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Journal DOI


:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (2023) ::
IJFS 2023, 22 Back to browse issues page
Research Article: The first report on isolation of a new highly hemolytic toxin, Scatotoxin, from Scatophagus argus venomous bonny spines
S.M. Ghafari , S. Jamili , D. Shahbazzadeh , K. Pooshang Bagheri *
Venom and Biotherapeutic Molecules Lab., Medical Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran-Iran. , k_bagheri@pasteur.ac.ir
Abstract:   (612 Views)
Scatophagus argus of family Scatophagidae is a venomous fish. Rough spines insulated from scat possessed potent venom composed of several proteins. Envenomation is associated with local necrosis and severe pain. Following our previous report regarding the hemolytic activity of scat crude venom, this work aimed at purification and evaluation of its hemolytic protein, hereafter designated as Scatotoxin. Specimens were collected from coastal waters of the Persian Gulf, Iran. Proteins were extracted from bone tissue by solubilization buffers and subsequently refolded in a refolding buffer. Purification was performed by reverse-phase HPLC method using a linear gradient protocol. To evaluate the hemolytic activity of Scatotoxin, a quantitative microscopic assay was developed using cell counting by which measurement of activity of the least amount of a sample was achievable. Scatotoxin was isolated in 85% acetonitrile. It is an interesting highly hydrophobic protein. Because hemolysis was observed immediately, scatotoxin is considered a very fast-acting hemolytic agent. Scatotoxin indicated as a 72 kDa protein by SDS-PAGE. The amount of 0.5µg crude venom produced 100% hemolysis and HD50 determined at 0.18µg. HD50 for scatotoxin recorded at 0.003µg. High efficiency of both extraction method and microscopic-scale assay led to the reduction of collected specimens and consequently avoiding harmful effects on the Persian Gulf ecosystem. This issue is ethically important due to decreasing the number of samples too. Among the previously reported hemolytic proteins, Scatotoxin is the first report of a highly hydrophobic protein.
Keywords: Scatophagus argus, Hemolysis, Scatotoxin, Hydrophobic toxin
Full-Text [PDF 657 kb]   (159 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Biotechnology
Received: 2019/03/19 | Accepted: 2022/05/15 | Published: 2023/08/15
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Ghafari S, Jamili S, Shahbazzadeh D, Pooshang Bagheri K. Research Article: The first report on isolation of a new highly hemolytic toxin, Scatotoxin, from Scatophagus argus venomous bonny spines. IJFS 2023; 22 (3) :631-642
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-3857-en.html

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Volume 22, Issue 3 (2023) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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