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:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (4-2019) ::
IJFS 2019, 18 Back to browse issues page
Bio-functions of carvacrol-supplemented feeds on lipopolysaccharide-induced rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792)
A. Kucukgul , A. Kucukgul, İ. Gulsafak
Tunceli University, Fisheries Faculty, TR62000, Tunceli, Turkey , azimekucukgul@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (1932 Views)
To investigate the effects of carvacrol supplementation in rainbow trout induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), relative gene expressions levels of some pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis markers in kidney and liver were measured. Fish with a mean weight of 44.71±1.33 g were studied using four different treatments with three replicates each. Inflammation and apoptosis were performed using LPS of Escherichia coli (25 µg ml-1) except in the control group and only carvacrol (100 µg ml-1 diet) containing diets were fed to this group (CAR). The last group was the infected fish fed carvacrol supplemented diet (+CAR). Kidney and liver tissues were removed 3 days after to determine the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interferon gamma (INF-γ), caspase 3 (Cas 3), caspase 8 (Cas 8) using Real-Time PCR analyses. IL-1β expressions of both kidney and liver was significantly decreased (12.9 and 2.14 fold, respectively) in LPS treated cells (p<0.05). While IFN-γ expression was up regulated in kidney, it had down regulation in liver. LPS decreased both Cas 3 and 8 expressions in kidney but increased in liver. +CAR increased expressions of IL-1β and IFN-γ compared with the control (up to 2-3 fold) in all tissues except caspase gene expressions that were similar in the control. In all tissues, IL-1β and IFN-γ expressions increased in +CAR group, expect IFN-γ in the kidney. However, Cas 3 and 8 expressions including apoptosis was induced by up-down regulations in all tissues compared to LPS-injected fish. The results showed that carvacrol had pro-inflammatory and apoptotic effects especially on liver tissue of LPS-induced inflammation model of Oncorhynchus mykiss.
 
Keywords: Carvacrol, Caspases, Inflammatory cytokines, LPS, Rainbow trout
Full-Text [PDF 470 kb]   (465 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers |
Received: 2019/03/17 | Accepted: 2019/03/17 | Published: 2019/03/17
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Kucukgul A, Kucukgul A, Gulsafak İ. Bio-functions of carvacrol-supplemented feeds on lipopolysaccharide-induced rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792) . IJFS. 2019; 18 (2) :205-214
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-3841-en.html


Volume 18, Issue 2 (4-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم شیلاتی ایران Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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