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IJFS 2015, 14 Back to browse issues page
Effects of dietary astaxanthin on the immune response, resistance to white spot syndrome virus and transcription of antioxidant enzyme genes in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
H Wang , A Dai , F Liu , Y Guan *
, guanyueqiang@hbu.edu.cn
Abstract:   (3622 Views)
Three different experiments were conducted to study the effect of dietary astaxanthin on the immune response, resistance to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and transcription of antioxidant enzyme genes in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Each experiment included one triplicate treatment group (fed with 80 mg/kg astaxanthin supplemented diet) and one triplicate control group (fed with basal diet), and the feeding period lasted for 4 weeks. The experiment of immune responses showed that dietary astaxanthin significantly affects the hemolymph immunological index, including total haemocyte counts, phagocytic activity of haemocyte, serum anti-superoxide radical activity, serum phenoloxidase activity, serum anti-bacterial activity and serum bacteriolytic activity. In the experiment of resistance, the shrimp was challenged with WSSV after the feeding stage was finished. The result showed that the mortality of the experimental group 11 days post infection was 76.3%, while that of the control group was 100%. WSSV infection result via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection method showed that 95.6% of the dead shrimp in the experimental group were PCR positive, whilst 71.4% of the survived shrimps were WSSV positive. At the end of the experiment, 90% of the shrimps in the experimental group were WSSV positive, while all the the control group were WSSV positive. The result indicated that dietary astaxanthin could increase the resistance to WSSV. In the experiment of transcription of antioxidant enzyme (cyt-MnSOD, CAT and GPX) genes, the effect of astaxanthin on the transcription of these enzyme genes in the hepatopancreas was studied using semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis. The results suggested that astaxanthin could promote the antioxidant enzyme gene mRNA expression in the hepatopancreas of L. vannamei.
Keywords: Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Stock density, Texture-colour quality, Chemical composition
Full-Text [PDF 690 kb]   (1231 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: aquaculture
Received: 2013/03/21 | Accepted: 2015/05/3 | Published: 2015/09/1
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Wang H, Dai A, Liu F, Guan Y. Effects of dietary astaxanthin on the immune response, resistance to white spot syndrome virus and transcription of antioxidant enzyme genes in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei . IJFS. 2015; 14 (3) :699-718
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-938-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 3 (7-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم شیلاتی ایران Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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