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:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (10-2012) ::
IJFS 2012, 11 Back to browse issues page
Fishery and biological aspects of anchovy Kilka ( Clupeonella engrauliformis) in the southern Caspian Sea
A. A. Janbaz * , H. Fazli , R. Pourgholam , F. Kaymaram , M. A. Afraei Bandpei , S. Abdolmaleki , K. Khedmati
, aliasgharjanbaz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8236 Views)

This paper aimed to investigate the fishery and biological characteristics of anchovy Kilka in Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea from 2005-2007, including length and age structure ,Von Bertalanffy growth parameters, length and age at first capture, condition factor, sex ratio, natural and fishing mortality. The examination of catch data approved that Kilka population in the Caspian Sea have been declined a few years ago following entrance jellyfish Ctenophora Mnemiopsis leidyi. The greatest destruction of anchovy kilka catch was occurred while the catch of anchovy from 4250 tonnes in 2005 reached to 924 tonnes in 2007. The results showed that K value and L calculated 0.375/year, 131.7mm, respectively. The instantaneous coefficient of natural mortality was estimated 0.49/year.The instantaneous coefficient of fishing mortality and total mortality was 0.51 /year and 1/year, respectively. The Exploitation rate was calculated as 0.51. The length and age ranges restricted comparison to last decade and sharply decreased recruitment. In the past few years, the main reasons of disintegrates among anchovy Kilka stocks in the Caspian Sea were synchronized overfishing competitive anchovy Kilka with M. leidyi. 

Keywords: Caspian Sea, Clupeonella engrauliformis, Age, Growth, Sex ratio, Overfishing
Full-Text [PDF 280 kb]   (2597 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Stock assessment
Received: 2012/11/15
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Janbaz A A, Fazli H, Pourgholam R, Kaymaram F, Afraei Bandpei M A, Abdolmaleki S et al . Fishery and biological aspects of anchovy Kilka ( Clupeonella engrauliformis) in the southern Caspian Sea. IJFS. 2012; 11 (4) :796-806
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-739-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 4 (10-2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم شیلاتی ایران Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
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