[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
:: Volume 13, Issue 4 (10-2014) ::
IJFS 2014, 13 Back to browse issues page
Effects of sesame seed meal and bambaranut meal on growth, feed utilization and body composition of juvenile African catfish Clarias gariepinus
U.D. Enyidi * , J. Pirhonen , J. Vielma
, enyidiuche@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3453 Views)
Plant proteins are plausible fishmeal substitutes but are deficient in some essential amino acids (EAA) like lysine and methionine. Combination of different plant proteins with complimentary EAA could be useful alternative. Bambaranut (Voandzeia subterranea) contains high amount of lysine while methionine is in sesame seed (Sesamum indicum). This experiment tested effects of combining sesame seed meal (SSM) and bambaranut meal (BNM), on juvenile African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Inclusion levels (%) of SSM: BNM in four novel diets were, feed 1 (F1) 0:35, feed 2 (F2) 11.7:23.3, feed 3 (F3) 23.3:11.7, feed 4 (F4) 35:0. Catfish (initial weight ± SD 11.7 ± 0.56 g) were stocked in four replicate 15L glass aquaria at 20 fish tank-1. Final weight and specific growth rate (SGR) were significantly higher for catfish fed F2, F3 and F4 (SGR treatment means varying between 8.34 - 8.67 % day-1) than for F1 (7.60 ± 0.27 % day-1 and feed conversion ratio (FCR) significantly lower for F2, F3 and F4 (0.71-0.73) than for F1 (0.8 ± 0.04). Catfish fed F1 had higher body water and lower lipid and protein content than fish in the other treatments. Protein efficiency ratio was similarly higher for catfish fed F2, F3, F4 than F2 and F1. The cost kg-1 of diet production increased with inclusion of SSM justifying reduction of SSM in the mixture. Results indicate that SSM and BNM alone or in combination are good plant proteins. Diets of SSM-BNM-FM were similar to SSM-FM. Inclusions of SSM increased body lipid than BNM.
Keywords: Sesame, Bambaranut, Fishmeal, Catfish, Growth.
Full-Text [PDF 202 kb]   (1593 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: Biology & physiology
Received: 2015/03/23 | Accepted: 2015/03/23 | Published: 2015/03/23
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Enyidi U, Pirhonen J, Vielma J. Effects of sesame seed meal and bambaranut meal on growth, feed utilization and body composition of juvenile African catfish Clarias gariepinus . IJFS. 2014; 13 (4) :998-1013
URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-1796-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 4 (10-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم شیلاتی ایران Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3768