:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (1-2014) ::
IJFS 2014, 13 Back to browse issues page
Pathogenicity of viral nervous necrosis virus for Guppy fish, Poecilia reticulata
A Nazari , M. D Hassan, G Bovo, M. J Zorriehzahra, T. I Azmi, S.S Arshad
, alireza_15869@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5168 Views)
The pathogenicity of a Nervous Necrosis Virus isolate obtained from naturally infected Golden grey mullet (Liza auratus) suffering serious mortalities in Iranian coastline water of the Caspian Sea was investigated for first time. An experimental infection has been performed using three groups, two experimental groups and one control group of Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) with mean weight 0.47±0.09 g, at temperature 25ºC. The infectious dosage (50 ml) with TCID50/ml= 10 4.25for 2 hours in group 1and 4 hours in group 2 developed the disease with immersion method. Clear clinical signs associated with significant mortality were observed since 15 dpi. Cumulative mortalities rose to 100% at 30 dpi. While in the control group no mortality was recorded. Virus was re-isolated on SSN-1 cell line that showing typical CPE developed after inoculation with tissues filtrate from dead fish. Histopathological examination of exposed fish, showed clear vacuolization in the granular layer of the retina and cerebellum. TEM micrographs revealed intracytoplasmic vacuoles in the retina of infected Guppy. IHC revealed the presence of viral antigens in the brain and retina. These results confirmed the pathogenicity of the NNV isolate obtained from Golden grey mullet suffering high mortality with regard to suggest that the same agent isolated from golden grey mullet is very likely the cause of the mortality observed in the same species.
Keywords: VNN, Golden grey mullet, Caspian Sea
Full-Text [PDF 1992 kb]   (4159 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal research papers | Subject: fish disease
Received: 2014/04/28 | Accepted: 2014/04/28 | Published: 2014/04/28

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Volume 13, Issue 1 (1-2014) Back to browse issues page